While so much attention is on the potential of EVs to address greenhouse gases from transportation, the Fuels Institute study found that many countries are attempting to meet much of their emissions targets for the Paris climate agreement through greater use of biofuels.
“A lot of countries either already are or are looking to increase their biofuels blending, or put in place some program or mandate for first the time,” Klein said.
She sees several issues with greater biofuel adoption, however. For one, countries that do blend in biofuels are doing so at levels too low to truly address greenhouse gas emissions. Also, there is tremendous regulatory uncertainty—one only need look to the United States as one example, where the fate of the Renewable Fuel Standard has been in doubt for much of 2017.
This—and a general lack of communication with stakeholders and consumers about the benefits of more biofuels—has stymied faster growth worldwide, Klein said.
“If you’re going to do it, let’s be clear for the industry about what the programs are going to be, and be very clear to consumers why we are doing this so they’re connected to it,” said Klein, noting the confusion about how effective biofuels are at addressing air quality and greenhouse gas issues.
“On the EV side, one can afford to be a bit more skeptical,” said Klein. “On the biofuel side, there is quite a lot of skepticism in some quarters about how effective these programs are.”
To learn more about global initiatives that are shaping the fuel and vehicle markets, click here to download the Fuels Institute’s latest report.